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English Grammar English Grammar 101
T he Present Participial Phrase (Continued)
 
Lesson 3-9
Prompt:The present participial phrase sometimes comes before the noun it modifies and sometimes comes as a phrase without a preposition.
Example:Opening the door, the man walked outside. The participle phrase "opening the door" modifies "man". Notice the comma when the phrase is before or after the noun.
Directions:Each of the following sentences contains a present participial phrase. Click to select the participial phrase in each sentence.
1.Hiding their books, the boys ran to the park.
2.Fearing the dark, the children quickened their pace.
3.The school bell, ringing in the night, could be heard.
4.The fire alarm, clanging its message, sounded.
5.Raising the main sail, the sloop tacked up-wind.
6.Filling the main sail, the wind gusted.
7.The sailor, sitting near the tiller, steered the boat.
8.The captain, standing on the bow, shouted commands.
9.Bowing their heads, the congregation prayed.
10.Participial phrases beginning sentences need commas.
11.Following the comma, the main sentence begins.
12.Adjective phrases occurring after the noun may need commas.
13.Setting off unnecessary phrases, the writer boldly writes.
14.Phrases, resting before or after a noun, modify the noun.
15.Use commas marking off unnecessary phrases in the sentence.
16.A phrase giving no needed information has commas.
17.A phrase establishing necessary information has no commas.
18.Deciding on commas, the writer must be careful.
19.The writer, writing participial phrases, knows his craft.
20.Turning off his computer, this writer must stop for now.