English Grammar 101
English Grammar 101 Home
Foreword: To the Student and Parent/Teacher
Introduction: To Those Grammarians Among Us
Instructions: How to Complete the Lessons
Module 1: Word and Phrase Patterns
Module 2: Clause Patterns
Lesson 2-1: The Complete Predicate
Lesson 2-2: The Complete Predicate (Continued)
Lesson 2-3: The Simple Predicate
Lesson 2-4: The Complete Subject
Lesson 2-5: The Simple Subject
Lesson 2-6: The Predicate versus the Subject
Lesson 2-7: Changes in Sentence Patterns
Lesson 2-8: Changes in Sentence Patterns (Continued)
Lesson 2-9: Appositives Within the Sentence
Lesson 2-10: Appositives and Simple Subjects
Quiz 2-11: Cumulative Review
Lesson 2-12: The Clause
Lesson 2-13: Independent versus Dependent Clauses
Lesson 2-14: Independent versus Dependent Clauses (Continued)
Lesson 2-15: The Simple Sentence versus The Sentence Fragment
Lesson 2-16: The Simple Sentence versus The Sentence Fragment (Continued)
Lesson 2-17: The Complex Sentence
Lesson 2-18: The Dependent Clause
Lesson 2-19: The Dependent Clause (Continued)
Quiz 2-20: Cumulative Review
Lesson 2-21: The Adjective Clause
Lesson 2-22: The Adjective Clause (Continued)
Lesson 2-23: Commas and the Adjective Clause
Lesson 2-24: Commas and the Adjective Clause (Continued)
Lesson 2-25: Commas and the Adjective Clause (Continued)
Lesson 2-26: The Adverbial Clause
Lesson 2-27: The Adverbial Clause (Continued)
Lesson 2-28: Adjective Clauses versus Adverbial Clauses
Lesson 2-29: Adjective Clauses versus Adverbial Clauses (Continued)
Lesson 2-30: Adjective Clauses versus Adverbial Clauses (Continued)
Lesson 2-31: The Noun Clause
Lesson 2-32: The Noun Clause (Continued)
Lesson 2-33: The Noun Clause (Continued)
Lesson 2-34: Noun Clauses versus Adjective and Adverbial Clauses
Lesson 2-35: Noun Clauses versus Adjective and Adverbial Clauses (Continued)
Lesson 2-36: The Compound Sentence
Lesson 2-37: Compound Sentences versus Run-on Sentences
Lesson 2-38: The Compound-Complex Sentence
Lesson 2-39: Identifying Sentences by Structure
Lesson 2-40: Identifying Sentences by Structure (Continued)
Quiz 2-41: Cumulative Review
Exercise 2-42: Module 2 Self-Test
Module 3: Verb Tense and Verbal Patterns
Module 4: Verb Forms and Sentence Patterns
Module 5: Punctuation and Capitalization
Module 6: Supplement - Troublesome Words
ompound Sentences versus Run-on Sentences
As we found in the prior exercise, two or more independent clauses may be joined to form a compound sentence. When these clauses are run together without the appropriate punctuation, the result is a run-on sentence. Writers should avoid run-on sentences.
Consider the following run-on sentences: 1) "The North desired to save the Union but the South wanted to form a new country." A comma should be placed after the word "Union." 2) "Abraham Lincoln was elected President of the United States, Jefferson Davis was elected President of the Confederacy." The conjunction "and" should follow the comma, or the comma should be replaced by a semicolon (;) or dash ().
Below are listed several compound sentences. Some of the sentences are punctuated properly while others are run-on sentences. Click to select below each sentence whether the sentence is a compound sentence or a run-on sentence.
The Civil War was the first modern war; the side with the most men, money, and industrial might won.
This is not to say that the war was easy for the North the southern soldiers were excellent fighters.
General Robert E. Lee commanded the Confederate forces; while, Ulysses S. Grant was the final Union commander.
Abraham Lincoln shall be remembered as one of the nation's greatest Presidents he saved the Union of the states.
The Battle of Gettysburg was a turning point in the war President Lincoln gave a famous speech at the cemetery.
The Civil War was fought with many new weapons of war, the troops used mortars, cartridge loaded rifles and observation balloons.
The casualties of the Civil War for both the North and the South were over 646 thousand this was a horrible price for the nation to solve this regional conflict.
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